With the Taj Mahal eclipsing it, one can without much of a stretch overlook that Agra has one of the best Mughal posts in India. Strolling through a great many yards of this palatial red-sandstone and marble post, your shock develops as the size of what was worked here starts to soak in.
Development along the bank of the Yamuna River was started by Emperor Akbar in 1565 on the site of a prior fortification. Further increases were made, especially by his grandson Shah Jahan, utilizing his preferred structure material – white marble. The fortification was constructed basically as a military structure, yet Shah Jahan changed it into a castle, and later it turned into his overlaid jail for a long time after his child Aurangzeb held onto power in 1658.
The ear-molded fortress’ giant twofold dividers rise more than 20m and measure 2.5km in perimeter. The Yamuna River initially streamed along the straight eastern edge of the stronghold, and the rulers had their own washing ghats here. It contains a labyrinth of structures, framing a city inside a city, including immense underground segments, however a considerable lot of the structures were devastated throughout the years by Nadir Shah, the Marathas, the Jats, lastly the British, who utilized the fortification as a battalion. Indeed, even today, a great part of the post is utilized by the military and is forbidden to the overall population.
The Amar Singh Gate toward the south is the sole passage highlight the stronghold nowadays and where you purchase your passageway ticket. Its dogleg configuration was intended to befuddle aggressors who made it past the main line of resistance – the crocodile-swarmed channel.
Following the plain processional way, you arrive at a door and the gigantic red-sandstone Jehangir’s Palace on the right. Before the castle is Hauz-I-Jehangir, a gigantic bowl cut out of a solitary square of stone, which was utilized for washing. The castle was likely worked by Akbar for his child Jehangir. With tall stone columns and corner sections, it mixes Indian and Central Asian structural styles, a token of the Mughals’ Turkestani social roots.
Further along the eastern edge of the post, you’ll discover the Khas Mahal, a wonderful marble structure and pool that shaped the living quarters of Shah Jahan. Taj sees are surrounded in the resplendent marble flame broils.
The enormous yard here is Anguri Bagh, a nursery that has been rejuvenated back lately. In the yard is a harmless looking passageway – presently secured – that drives a stairway into a two-story maze of underground rooms and ways where Akbar used to keep his 500-in number collection of mistresses. On the upper east corner of the yard, you can get a brief look at the Shish Mahal (Mirror Palace), with dividers decorated with little mirrors.
Just toward the north of the Khas Mahal is the Mathamman (Shah) Burj, the awesome white-marble octagonal pinnacle and castle where Shah Jahan was detained for a long time until his passing in 1666, and from where he could look out at the Taj Mahal, the burial chamber of his significant other. At the point when he passed on, Shah Jahan’s body was taken from here by vessel to the Taj. The now-shut Mina Masjid filled in as Shah Jahan’s private mosque.
As you enter the enormous patio, along the eastern mass of the fortification, is Diwan-I-Khas (Hall of Private Audiences), which was held for significant dignitaries or outside delegates. The lobby once housed Shah Jahan’s incredible Peacock Throne, which was inset with valuable stones – including the well known Koh-I-Noor precious stone. The seat was taken to Delhi by Aurangzeb, at that point to Iran in 1739 by Nadir Shah and disassembled after his death in 1747. Ignoring the stream and the inaccessible Taj Mahal is Takhti-I-Jehangir, an immense section of dark stone with an engraving around the edge. The seat that remained here was made for Jehangir when he was Prince Salim.
Following the north side of the patio, a side entryway prompts the minuscule yet perfect white-marbled Nagina Masjid (Gem Mosque), worked in 1635 by Shah Jahan for the women of the court. Down underneath was the Ladies’ Bazaar, where the court women purchased their products.
A shrouded entryway close to the mosque leave drives down to the scallop-molded curves of the enormous, open Diwan-I-Am, which was utilized by Shah Jahan for local government business, and highlights a perfectly improved royal chamber where the head tuned in to applicants. Before it is the little and rather incomprehensible grave of John Colvin, a lieutenant-legislative leader of the northwest regions who passed on of an ailment while protecting in the fortress during the 1857 First War of Independence. Toward the north is the Moti Masjid, presently forbidden to guests. From here head back to the Amar Singh entryway.
You can stroll to the fortification from Taj Ganj by means of the verdant Shah Jahan Park, or take an autorickshaw for ₹80. Food isn’t permitted into the post. The fortress opens 30 minutes before dawn; the ticket office opens 15 minutes before that. The last section is 30 minutes before dusk.